Trigger Point Dry Needling for Low Back Pain

Working as a physical therapist, a lot of people come in to our clinic saying they’ve had “chronic low back pain” for years and have attempted various treatments with little to no results. There are many causes of low back pain, which may include muscle or ligament strains, herniated discs, and spinal stenosis, which often develop over time by prolonged pressure on structures surrounding the spine from years of bad posture, muscle weakness, and poor movement patterns that we develop due to compensation over the years. However, when it comes to chronic low back pain, one of the most common causes is nerve hypersensitivity. This means nerves that originate in the low back become more sensitive and can be irritated by ordinary touch or pressure. This is where trigger point dry needling comes in!

 

According to the American Physical Therapy Association, trigger point dry needling is a technique that uses a thin needle to penetrate the skin to stimulate underlying trigger points, muscular, and connective tissues for the management of neuromusculoskeletal pain and movement impairments.  (Apta.org, 2019)

 

If a nerve in the low back is being compressed and becomes irritated, it can affect surrounding structures. This can lead to a cascade of events that include the muscles around the nerve becoming tight and sensitive in order to protect the irritated nerve. Dry needling can help deactivate trigger points in the muscles, while at the same time quieting the nerve to provide relief for the patient. Ultimately, this allows the patient to work on exercises and activities that strengthen the low back without fear of constant pain with movement.

 

I implore you to consider asking your therapist or physician about trigger point dry needling. We have many people who walk in to our clinic with years of low back pain. Some patients leave their first visit with significant improvement in pain and are able to walk out as soon as several weeks later pain free. Effective treatment will often include a combination of proper exercise, activity modification, and in many cases, trigger point dry needling.

 

Give us a call today to find out more and schedule your evaluation!

 

Author
Juan Duran DPT

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